Beijing is not only the capital of the People’s Republic of China, but also the political and cultural center of the country. It is famous as both the world’s ancient capital and the modern international city.


Beijing is located in the northwest of the North China Plain and adjacent to the Bohai Bay

The total area of city is 16410.54 square kilometers.

The average elevation is 43.5 meters.


Beijing belongs to the typical warm temperate zone with a semi-humid climate. It has four distinctive seasons, with short springs and autumns while summers and winters are always long. The summer is characterized by high temperature and a lot of rain, while the winter is cold and dry. The annual precipitation mainly occurs in summer.


The city has a permanent population of 22 million people. (statistics of early 2010 )


Beijing is a comprehensive industrial city, which maintain in the front of the comprehensive economic strength of the country. In 2010, the gross domestic product (GDP) reached RMB 1.377794 trillion Yuan and the per capita GDP was RMB78507 Yuan (second at provincial administrative region of mainland, just behind Shanghai).

By  the  end  of  2009,  there  are  6891 above-designated-size  industrial  enterprises  in  Beijing. Among which, telecommunication equipment  manufacturing,  transportation  equipment manufacturing,  electric heating power producing and supplying, ferrous  metal  smelting  and  pressing, petroleum  processing  and  coking and  nuclear  fuel  processing  became  the  key  industries  which  support  the  industrial  economy  of  Beijing.

Beijing, the  most important financial and commercial centers of China, is the home  to  headquarters  of  Bank  of  China  and China’s  big-name  financial  institutions  and  insurance  companies. At the same time, many headquarters of the large state-owned enterprises are gathered here. In addition, a large number of outside multinational companies have established their regional headquarters of China in Beijing.

Beijing is full of rich resources of tourism and scenic spots. Among which, the Forbidden City, the Great Wall, the Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian, the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace and the Ming Tombs are all on the list of world heritage. It is the city that possesses the most of world heritage (6 spots). There are 187 A-level and above scenic spots, including the royal garden - the North Sea, and the Great Wall at Badaling and Mutianyu. By  the  end  of 2009,  there  were  815  star-grade  hotels,  the  number  of  foreign  tourists  entering  Beijing  reached  4.125  million,  the  foreign  exchange  income  from  this  industry  reached  US$4.36  billion,  the  number  of  domestic  tourists  reached  160  million,  spending  a  total  of  214.45 billion  Yuan.

Beijing is also called "the city of museum". The number of the registered museums can get 151, which are the second in the world's (listed next to London). In addition, the National Museum is largest one in the world and the Palace Museum is one of the five major museums.

Infrastructure Facilities
Urban infrastructure is highly valued in the urban construction which is always in the priority development.

An annual investment of over hundreds of billion Yuan input in fixed assets has not only spurred the rapid development of the local economy, but also laid a solid foundation for future development.


The road network construction of city is primarily rectangular ring. By the end of 2009, the mileage of highway is 20670 kilometers, the mileage of urban road is 6206 kilometers, and the length of rail transit line is 228 kilometers. Besides, there are 381 overpasses.

Beijing is one of the largest railway junctions, where many railway lines converge. The high-speed railway of Beijing Hong Kong which is the longest of China will be completed in 2012. As to the international railway transport, the train leaves for the city of Russia, Mongolia, North Korea and Vietnam all departing from Beijing.

Beijing is the converging center of the air lines of the country. Beijing Capital International Airport, which is the largest international airport in Asia, has opened more than 200 international and domestic flights to the major countries and regions of the world as well as the most domestic cities.

Post and Telecommunication
Beijing has established postal communications with virtually all countries and areas around the world. International Direct Dial covers more than 200 countries and regions. In addition, new value-added telecommunication services like data- communication, multimedia, Internet and mobile phone messages have developed rapidly.

International Conference and Exhibition

Beijing is in the global top 10 of the international conference city (released by International Congress and Convention Association (ICCA) in 2010). Beijing has 21 exhibitions that have been accredited by the Union of International Fairs (UFI). There 51 international large-scale exhibitions are held in Beijing from January to July in 2011.

Beijing international motor show with the four "old" motor shows of Detroit, Frankfurt, Geneva and Tokyo has been listed the five motor shows in the world. The scale of the Beijing motor show is the largest in the world.

Technology and Education

Beijing has the nation’s biggest science and technology research bodies. Since 1998, international week of Beijing high and new technology industries which is the large international activities on the theme of high and new technology industries are held successfully every year.

Beijing is the city where the education is most advanced. It is also the first city which entered the stage of instituting the higher education. By the end of 2009, the regular higher education institutions amounted to 88, with 52 higher education institutions and 117 technology and research institutions to train postgraduates. The most famous ones like Peking University, Tsinghua University, Renmin University of China and Beijing Normal University.

The national library of China which is the first big in Asia and the third in the world is also located in Beijing. The library of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Beijing University library are listed in the five big libraries of China.

Foreign Communication

Beijing enhances its communication with other countries and districts in the areas of economy, trade, science and technology, education and culture. The communication between government and social groups are friendly and active, and it also has formed a layout with multi-aspect and multi-level opening-up in a wide range of areas.